Reading - 4th Grade


  • Analyze word structure and apply decoding strategies: suffixes y, ous, ly, ful, ness, less, tion, and ment; prefixes re, un, dis; synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, contractions with "have", roots, syllabication patterns, word analogies and context clues.


  • Apply strategies of rereading and using context clues to recognize unfamiliar wordsInfer the meaning of unfamiliar words in sentences by examining known words, phrases and structures.
  • Apply multiple comprehension strategies while finding meaning includes strategies such as activating prior knowledge, establishing purpose, self-correcting and self-monitoring, rereading, making predictions, finding context clues, developing visual images, applying knowledge of text structure and adjusting reading rate according to purpose and difficulty.
  • Read with fluency, accuracy, and expression. Additionally, read on-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy and appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
  • Predict and infer using maps and diagrams
  • Predict and infer using headings, paragraphs, subtitles, captions, and text organization
  • Identify the various purposes for reading
  • Summarize and interpret main events and ideasIdentify cause and effect relationships
  • Demonstrate the following strategies: connecting, predicting, inferring, and visualizing (text-to-text, text-to-self, and text-to-world) considering prior knowledge and experiences
  • Demonstrate comprehension through identifying main idea and supporting details from literature, informational texts, and other print and nonprint sources with illustrations.
  • Know rhyme schemes in poetry.
  • Distinguish between essential and non-essential information on a topic.


  • Compare and contrast story structure elements in various literary forms in order to reflect on meaning in terms of settings, characters and events.
  • Compare and contrast story structure elements in various literary forms and relate reading to prior knowledge and experience
  • Read and develop familiarity among a variety of genres/forms appropriate to age and reading level
  • Connect different genres/forms to each other and to real-life experiences
  • Connect elements of Catholic faith to real-life experiencesDifferentiate between types of fiction, fiction/non-fiction, realistic fiction from fantasy, biography/autobiography, and poetry/prose
  • Summarize key details of informational text and extend the literal meaning of a text by making inferences, evaluate significance and validity of text to connect new information to prior knowledge and experience
  • Know distinguishing characteristics of a variety of literary texts (e.g., fiction, non-fiction, realistic fiction, fairytales, fables, fantasy, biographies, autobiographies, poetry, prose, narratives from the U.S. and cultures world-wide)
  • Distinguish between fact, fantasy, and opinion in various texts (historical fiction)
  • Know sensory words used in literary texts and their effects on the reader
  • Record key details of informational text (e.g., notes and summaries)
  • Recognize and recall elements of story structure, such as sequence of events, character, plot, and setting in order to reflect on meaning


  • Evaluate text for purpose
  • Relate reading to prior knowledge and experiences
  • Demonstrate understanding of human life experiences through:  readings, reflection, and discussion of literary and non-literary texts
  • Demonstrate an understanding of Catholic teachings when reflecting upon life's experiences and literary texts
  • Select and summarize appropriate materials including fairy tales, fables, and narratives from the U.S. and cultures worldwide to read for discovery, appreciation, and enjoyment and to understand plots, make predictions, and to connect them to prior knowledge and experience independently
  • Self-identify a topic and seek information by investigating available text resources
  • Understand the significance of various texts.
  • Use a systematic process for research (e.g. formulate a question, narrow the focus of a topic, identify prior knowledge, and develop a plan or gathering information)
  • Use electronic media to locate information (e.g., use pull-down menus, entry menus features, passwords, icons, keyword searches)


  • Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text
  • Determine a theme of a story, drama or poem from details in the text; summarize the text
  • Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g. a character's thoughts, words or actions)
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g. Herculean)
  • Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g. verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g. casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text
  • Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between 1st and 3rd person narrations.
  • Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text


  • Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text
  • Determine the main idea of the text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text
  • Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text
  • Determine the meaning of a general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 4 topic or subject area
  • Describe the overall structure (e.g. chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts or information in a text or part of a text
  • Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and information provided
  • Interpret information presented visually, orally or quantitatively (e.g. in charts, graphs, diagrams, timelines, animations, or interactive elements on web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appearsIntegrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably