Reading - 2nd Grade


  • Apply the following phonics concepts:  variant sounds of c, g, and s; sounds of wr, kr, le; vowel digraphs ea, ie, oo, ui, ue, ew, u-e, au, aw l all; diphthongs oy, oi, ow, ou, r-controlled vowels, plurals with s, es, and ies; singular possessives, inflectional endings with er, est, and y; final consonant blends mp, nd, nt, sk, sp, and st; three-letter "s" blends; consonant digraphs; compound words; common syllables -tion, -ture, -er; contractions, sound of y at end of long words, silent consonants gh, k(n), and b; consonant clusters with r, l, and s; double consonants, synonyms; antonyms; homophones; multiple-meaning words; abbreviations; sound words; exact words
  • Use word structures (e.g. syllables, basic prefixes/suffixes, root words) to decode unknown words
  • Demonstrate phonemic awareness as aids to pronouncing and understanding unfamiliar words and text and to decode two-syllable words with long vowels
  • Use a thesaurus


  • Identify appropriate comprehension strategies to find meaning
  • Predict and infer using illustrations and picture walking and discern how written text and accompanying illustrations connect to convey meaning
  • Predict and infer using title
  • Infer order of events and possible outcomes of storiesIdentify purpose for reading by previewing and asking questionsSummarize main events sequentially
  • Identify and summarize main idea and key points connecting new information to prior knowledge, rereading, context clues, and analyzing word structures
  • Identify the focus of specific paragraphs within the textUse dictionaries and indexes to locate information
  • Recognize guide words as a tool to locate words in dictionaries
  • Summarize ideas drawn from stories, identify cause-and-effect relationships, interpreting events and ideas
  • Infer the meaning of unfamiliar words in the context of a passage by examining known words, phrases, and structuresRecognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled wordsRecognize and distinguish between fantasy vs. realism and fact vs. opinion
  • Monitor/Clarify; evaluate, make judgments, draw conclusions, make generalizations, follow directions, note details, categorize and classify, problem solving


  • Reads with fluency, accuracy, and expressionUse self-correction strategies when confused by text (e.g. reread, find context clues)
  • Use self-correction strategies when confused by text (e.g. reread, find context clues)


  • Apply basic concepts of print and text including sentence boundaries, initial/capital and end punctuation
  • Identify and use organizational features of texts, such as headings, paragraphs, and format to improve understanding
  • Recognize and recall elements of story structure
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the structure of narrative stories through: identifying characters, setting, problem, events, and who, what, where, when, and why
  • Develop familiarity and read among genres/forms appropriate to age and reading level
  • Identify differences and distinguish between fiction and non-fiction, biography, and poetry


  • Determine purpose for text  including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe
  • Relate reading to prior knowledge and experiences
  • Connect different genres/forms to each other and to real-life experiences
  • Connect elements of Catholic faith to real-life experiences
  • Demonstrate understanding of human life experiences through: reading (literary/non-literary texts), reflection, and discussion of life experiences
  • Demonstrate an understanding of Catholic teachings when reflecting upon life's experiences and literary texts
  • Select appropriate materials to read for discovery, appreciation, and enjoyment, and summarize the readings and connect them to prior knowledge and experienceKnow favorite books and stories
  • Generate questions about topics of personal interestUse a variety of age-appropriate books to gather information (e.g., use table of contents and glossary, examine pictures and charts)
  • Extend the literal meaning of the text by making inferences, and evaluate the significance and validity of texts in light of prior knowledge and experience


  • Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures and determine their central message, lesson, or moral
  • Describe how words and phrases (regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song
  • Acknowledge differences in the points of views of characters, include by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloudUse information gained from the illustrations and words in print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot
  • Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g. Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures
  • By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high-end of the range


  • Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text
  • Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text
  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area
  • Know and use various text features (e.g. headings, table of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a textExplain how specific images (e.g. a diagram of how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text
  • Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text
  • Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic
  • By the end of the year, read and comprehend information texts, including history/social studies, science and technical texts, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high-end of the range