Reading - 1st Grade


  • Apply the following phonics concepts:  initial, medial, and final consonant sounds; rhyming words; short and long vowel sounds; initial consonant blends w/r, s and l; initial digraphs sh, ch, th, wh; final digraphs ch, th, sh, ck, ng, nk; inflectional endings: s, ed, ing (verbs); contractions with not, it, will, am, are
  • Apply knowledge of letter/sound relationships
  • Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word
  • Demonstrate phonemic awareness as aids to pronouncing and understanding unfamiliar words and texts


  • Recognize appropriate comprehension strategies to find meaning and discern how texts and illustrations connect to convey meaning
  • Predict using illustrations and picture walking
  • Predict using title
  • Identify purpose for reading through teacher-led discussion
  • Recall main events sequentially
  • Identify main idea and key points
  • Read common words as sight words
  • Summarize and retell key details of a text
  • Rereading, context clues, and analyzing word structures
  • Summarize ideas drawn from stories, identifying cause-and-effect relationships interpreting events and ideas


  • Read with fluency
  • Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate and expression on successive readings


  • Demonstrate an understanding of basic concepts of print and text, recognize distinguishing features of a sentence (first word, capitalization and ending punctuation)
  • Know basic information about a book (author, illustrator, title, table of contents)
  • Recognize elements of story structure
  • Demonstrate an understanding of narrative story structure by identifying: characters, setting, and events
  • Develop familiarity of a variety of genres/forms appropriate to age and reading level
  • Identify differences between reality and fantasy, distinguish fiction/non-fiction, biography/autobiography, and poetry/prose


  • Determine purpose for text
  • Relate reading to prior knowledge and experiences
  • Connect different genres/forms to each other and to real-life experiences
  • Connect elements of Catholic faith to real-life experiences
  • Demonstrate an understanding of human experiences through: reading, discussion, and reflection of life experiences and the use of literary and non-literary texts
  • Understand motives of characters causes for complex events, and compare similarities, differences to those in one's own life
  • Demonstrate an understanding of Catholic teachings when reflecting upon life's experiences and literary texts
  • Select appropriate materials to read for discovery, appreciation, and enjoyment


  • Ask and answer questions about key details in a text
  • Retell stories including key details and demonstrate understanding of their central message lesson
  • Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses
  • Identify who is telling the story at various points in the text
  • Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, settings, or events
  • Compare/contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories
  • With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for grade 1


  • Ask and answer questions about key details in a text
  • Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text
  • Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words or phrases in a text
  • Know and use various text features (e.g. headings, table of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text
  • Distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text
  • Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideasIdentify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text
  • Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures)
  • With prompting and support, read informational texts appropriately complex for grade 1